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パズドラ サラマンダーの元ネタ・神話とは?

今回はパズドラにも登場する
『サラマンダー』の元ネタ・神話をまとめました。



サラマンダーの元ネタ・神話とは?


パズドラでは
サラマンダーを進化させた
究極進化イフリートは赤ソニアPTと
相性が良いそうです。

サラマンダーは
パズドラ意外でも耳にしたことがあるはず。


ペットとして人気は博した
ウーパールーパー。

5651.jpg

メキシコサンショウウオこと
メキシコサラマンダーです。

日本ではサンショウウオを
サラマンダーと訳すことが多いようです。

112.jpg

サラマンダーは
小さなトカゲの形をしていて
火山、火口、熔岩の中
もしくは燃え盛る炎の中に生息し
その体はいかなる高熱にも耐える
といわれています。

ある説によれば
炎がサラマンダーにとって
適当な温度に達してさえすれば
その炎の中に出現するそうです。

サラマンダー自身が
炎を出して燃えるのだとする話もあります。

また、火を食べてその皮膚を再生させる
ともいわれます。

サラマンダーを捕まえるもっとも良い方法は
サラマンダーの皮膚でつくった服と
ブーツを着用することです。

サラマンダーの皮膚はどんな高熱にも耐え
これを着用したものは
燃える溶岩の上でさえも平気なのです。

ただ、どうやってまず服とブーツが
つくれるほど大量のサラマンダーを
捕まえるのかが不明です。

別の説では
サラマンダーは火の中に住む虫で
繭をつくり、その糸を紡いでつくった布は
火の中に投げこんで洗濯できます。

実際これは、石綿だと思われますが
火に燃えても壊れないため
サラマンダーの存在を示す証拠として
用いられたのです。




もともと、ラテン語のSalamandraは
山椒魚を意味していました。

したがって英語の「Salaman」には
火トカゲ(火の精霊)と山椒魚の
両方の意味があります。

エプリニウスの「博物誌」では
サラマンダーはトカグの形をしていて
斑点におおわれている生き物で
雨が降らないかぎり現れず
天気がよくなると
いなくなってしまうとされています。

極めて冷たく、氷と同じように
火に触れただけで溶ける
ともされていますが(第十一巻)
これはおそらく山椒魚のほうでしょう。

「博物誌」の別のところには
ピュラリスという四つ足で
翼のある生き物についての
記述があります(第十一巻)。

この生き物は
キュプロスの炉の火の真っ只中に住み
炎の中にいる間は生きているけれど
外に出ると死ぬそうです。

このピュラリスを
サラマンダーと同一視する説もあります。

十六世紀になると
錬金術師パラケルススは
サラマンダーを四大の一つ
火の精霊に選びました。

またの名をヴルカン(Vulcan)といい
これはローマの火と
火山の神ウルカヌス(Vulcanus)からきた言葉です。

英語ではヴァルカン(Vulcan)といい
水星の内側にあるとされていた惑星には
この名がつけられていました。
(この惑星はいまだに発見されていません)

錬金術師は、鉛を金に転換する
長く複雑な過程の中で
サラマンダーを一種の温度計として使用します。

炎が、転換に十分な温度にまで達すると
サラマンダーはその炎の中に飛び込んで
燃え盛る石炭の中で浮かれ騒ぐのです。

錬金術の考え方には
サラマンダーはトカゲではなく
人の姿をしているという説もあります。

四大精霊は人より遥かに
長命ではありますが、魂をもたず
死ぬと同時にきれいさっぱり消えてしまう
というのです。

しかし、人と結婚すれば
魂をもつようになり
人との間に子供をつくることができます。

またアレクサンダー・ポープは
その「髪盗人」のなかで
情熱的な女は死後
火の精霊サラマンダーになるといっています。

これはやはり美しい女性の姿で
あらわされています。


「へぇ~」と思ったら拡散 よろしくお願いします!




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