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パズドラ イフリートの元ネタ・神話とは?

今回はパズドラにも登場する
『イフリート』の元ネタ・神話をまとめます。



イフリートの元ネタ・神話とは?


パズドラでは
サラマンダーからイフリートに進化します。
究極進化イフリートは赤ソニアPTと
相性が良いそうです。


イフリートはジン(魔人、悪魔、精霊)の一種です。

322.jpg

「アラビアンナイト」には
何者か(神、預言者など?)によって
ランプや指輪に束縛されてしまった
イフリートも登場します。

彼らはランプや指輪を
こすった者のいうことなら
(自分のできる範囲で)何でもききます。

アラジンはこのランプを見つけたおかげで
乞食同然の生活から
一国の王にまでなりました。

さて、イスラム教によれば
ジンのかしらはイブリース(Iblis)です。
キリスト教のルシファーに相当し
もとは天使だったとも伝えられています。

人間が造られ
神の命令ですべての天使が人
間(アダム)にひざまづいたとき
イブリースは一人そむき
天界から追放されたのです。

コーランの第七章十一|十三節には

――天使たちに、「アダムに脆拝せよ」と言うと
彼らはすべて脆拝したが
ただイブリースだけは拝しなかった。

神は言いたもうた
「わしが命じているのに
おまえが拝するのをさまたげたものは何か」

彼は言った
「私は彼よりすぐれています。
あなたは私を火からお造りになりましたが
彼をお造りになったのは土からです」

神は言いたもうた
「それなら、ここから落ちてゆけ。
おまえがここで高慢に振舞うのは許されない。
出てゆけ。おまえは卑しいやつだ」

と書かれています。

この後彼は、最後の審判の時まで
罰の執行を猶予され
それまで人間を惑わす存在となりました。

彼に惑わされて悪事をおこなった者は
最後の審判のときにゲヘナ(gechinnom-地獄)
の炎に投げ入れられるとされています。

イブリースを祖とするジンには
五つの階層があります。




上からら順に
マリード(Marid魔霊)
イフリート(Ifrit 鬼神)
シャイターン(Shaytan 悪魔)
ジン(Jinn一妖霊)
ジャーン(Jann 悪霊)となっています。

マリード(女性名詞形マリーダMaridah)とは
へブライ語のMaradすなわち
「逆らう」から出た言葉で
多くは人間に敵意を抱いています。

イフリート(女性名詞駒形イフリータIfritah)と
ともに魔神の王とされ
もっとも力があるものです。

「アラジンと魔法のランプ」に出てくる
ランプの精と指輪の精も
やはりイフリートでした。

天、地、海を自由に行き来し
一瞬にして遠方まで
物を運ぶこともできます。

また、出口のないところからでも
人や物を外に出すことができます。

一夜にして豪邸を建てたり
呪文で人の自由を奪ったりなどは
お手のものです。

彼らの祝福や呪いは
てきめんに効果をあらわします。

それぞれの管轄はありますが
よほど大それたものでないかぎり
彼らにかなえられない願いは
ないようにさえ思われます。

邪悪な者も、善良な者も
アラーの名にかけて誓ったことは守ります。

イフリートの
性格は獰猛かつ短気で
厳つい顔をしています。

様々な魔術を操る事ができ
変身能力など人間にはない力を持ちます。

特に、炎を自在に操れるといいます。
西洋の文化圏では
異教の神々を悪魔(デーモン)とする事があり
その恐ろしげな姿も手伝ってか
悪魔とされます。


「へぇ~」と思ったら拡散 よろしくお願いします!




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nice!(1)  コメント(38)  トラックバック(0)  [編集]
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nice! 1

コメント 38

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